A Working English Lexicon 1988 Paul Nolan Hyde ~ Reference work for Tolkien's Middle-earth Linguistics ~ Elvish language


Title: A Working English Lexicon: being a compilation of the English words used to translate invented language elements together with volume and page number of every occurrence in the... works of J. R. R. Tolkien

Author: Compiled by Paul Nolan Hyde

Description: Signed by author. First edition, second printing, September 1988. Comb-bound in vinyl covers. Light wear. [iii], 104 leaves, printed on rectos only. 11 x 8.5 inches. Six copies noted on OCLC.

Paul Nolan Hyde's English lexicon for Tolkien's Middle-earth languages, being a compilation of the English words used to translate invented language elements together with volume and page number of every occurrence in the following works of J.R.R. Tolkien: The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, The Silmarillion, Unfinished Tales, The Book of Lost Tales, The Lays of Beleriand, The Shaping of Middle-earth, The Lost Road, The Road goes Ever On, The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, The Monsters and the Critics, and ''Guide to Names'' in A Tolkien Compass.

Hyde describes this work as an ''OED-type reference that hopefully will definitively present the diachronic and synchronic linguistic creation of Middle-earth... This index demonstrates that there are many Elvish words which have been translated into a single English word without much textual explanation. 'Mound', for example, includes 'cerin', 'cum', haudh', 'cumb', 'tundu', 'coron', 'amon', among others. While it is true that some (perhaps all) are dialectic or language specific, the fact that the various terms exist says something about the culture in which they were used. I am convinced that Tolkien was meticulous about his word choice in English and in his inventions and that it is possible to discover much abou the conception of Middle-earth that has not been published.''

Paul Nolan Hyde (1942-2021) was a professor of linguistics at Brigham Young University and a specialist in the Tolkien Legendarium. He authored Quenti Lambardillion, the Middle-earth linguistics column in the journal Mythlore between 1982 and 1992, and also contributed to Vinyar Tengwar, the journal of the Elvish Linguistic Fellowship. Tolkien's linguistics served as the subject of both his Ph.D. dissertation and his master's thesis: the 1200-page ''Linguistic Techniques Used in Character Development in the Works of J. R. R. Tolkien'' (Purdue, 1982) and ''A Descriptive Analysis of the Languages Used in J.R.R. Tolkien's Lord of the Rings'' (BYU, 1972).

Binding: Comb bound soft cover
Condition: Very Good+

Publisher: [privately published]
Place: Simi Valley, CA
Year: 1988

Keywords: Tolkien, reference, Middle-earth, Elvish, linguistics,

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